|Deputy Leader||Rt Hon WobblyBovine MP|
|Chair||Hon viljo MP|
|Chief Whip||Hon viljo MP|
|Ideology||Revisionist social democracy|
Centre-left to mid-left-wing
|House of Commons|
"We are not just here to manage capitalism but to change society and to define its finer values.” - Tony Benn
The Labour Party is a broad left-wing party in the Model House of Commons. It is the second largest party and currently the Official Opposition. It is considered one of the 'big two' parties, along with the Conservative Party, and is often in government.
History of the Labour Party
The Labour Party were one of the founding parties of the Model House of Commons (MHoC). In earlier eras, Labour tended to be a smaller party than it is today and faced strong opposition from the more popular Liberal Democrats (now the Liberal Party) and the Socialist Party. Nevertheless, it has always had at least seven seats in the parliament; and, with recent peaks of fifteen seats, it has leapfrogged its rivals to become the dominant party of the TSR Left.
They first featured in government as the coalition partner to the Monster Raving Loony Party during the Fifth Parliament, largely helped by the failure of the Conservatives to contest the election and the antipathy of the Monster Raving Loony Party towards the Liberal Democrats. These roles were reversed during the Sixth Parliament when Labour for the first time emerged as the largest party, and formed a Labour-Monster Raving Loony Party government, with Randdom becoming Labour's first Prime Minister. Now an accepted party of government, Labour became a coalition partner to the Liberal Democrats in the Seventh Parliament, but left office in the Eighth Parliament due to the rise of the Socialist Party, who for the first time became the largest left-wing party and by refusing to countenance a coalition allowed the Conservatives to form a minority government.
Labour remained the smallest left-wing party during the Ninth Parliament, but attempted to launch a coalition offer with the Liberal Democrats and the Socialist Party which was rebuffed by the Conservatives during the constitutional crisis. During the Tenth Parliament, Labour managed to reassert itself as the secondary left-wing party after the Liberal Democrats, defeating the Socialist Party convincingly and retaining a narrow lead over them into the Eleventh Parliament. This put them in prime position to pick up the left-wing vote following the electoral collapse of the Liberal Democrats in the Twelfth Parliament and onwards.
In recent years, Labour have been much more successful, and arguably have been the most dominant party in the House since the Thirteenth Parliament, uniting much of the left-wing vote and placing as the largest party in five consecutive elections, an unmatched record. They have been the main party of government in every Parliament since the Thirteenth, with the exception of the Fifteenth and Seventeenth, both where poor activity forced them into opposition despite having a plurality of seats.
In the Thirteenth Parliament and the Fourteenth Parliament Labour's main coalition partner was the Liberal Democrats, but a leftwards shift in the Labour Party saw them form a coalition with the Independent Addzter and the Socialist Party for the Sixteenth Parliament. The Labour Party was in opposition for the Eighteenth Parliament in a coalition with the Greens, having missed out on Government despite again gaining the most votes in the election after the Liberal Party dropped out of the agreement at the eleventh hour to instead work with the Conservatives and UKIP.
However, the Labour Party succeeded in gaining control of the Nineteenth Parliament, through a coalition between themselves, the Socialists and the Greens. That Bearded Man led a pan-left coalition whose greatest achievement was abolishing the monarchy. In the Twentieth Parliament Labour lost seats, making them the second party in a "traffic-light coalition" with the Greens and Liberals. This was the first Government to be headed by a Green Prime Minister.
In the Twenty-first Parliament, Labour, after obtaining its highest ever number of seats in the general election, formed a coalition with the Liberals which collapsed in July 2015 leading to the formation of a minority Labour government which was swiftly VoNCed, leaving Labour in opposition until the successor coalition's collapse let to government and opposition being suspended for the remainder of term.
After the October 2015 general election they went into coalition with the Liberals once again, an arrangement which endured until the end of the Twenty-second Parliament. In April 2016 Labour became the second-largest party in the MHoC, choosing not to seek to go into coalition and instead forming the Official Opposition. After two by-election wins in the space of a month during the Twenty-third Parliament, the Labour Party overtook the Conservative Party as the largest party, with 14 to the Tories 13. Labour formed the Official Opposition led by RayApparently who took over for a second time after Quamquam123 resigned 5 weeks after his defeat of party leader Saracen's Fez in April 2016.
After the November 2016 general election, Labour won their highest-ever number of seats, numbering 17, after the Green Party failed to submit a manifesto and so did not stand. They entered government in a Labour-Socialist coalition government, with leader RayApparently becoming Prime Minister.
The Labour Party has fared reasonably well in General Elections, with its best performance being between April 2011 and March 2014 where it won 7 General Elections in a row.
This table shows how the Labour Party has performed in General Elections since the first one in May 2005:
|Election||Votes||Vote %||Rank||Seats||Change in Seats||Outcome of Election|
|May 2005||N/A||32.66%||2nd||N/A||Liberal Democrat Minority|
|November 2005||N/A||17.47%||3rd||5||Liberal Democrat Minority|
|May 2006||67||21.97%||2nd||3||Conservative-Monster Raving Loony Coalition|
|November 2006||41||17.30%||3rd||3||Monster Raving Loony Minority|
|May 2007||43||19.11%||2nd||1||Monster Raving Loony Minority|
|December 2007||46||22.66%||1st||1||Labour-Monster Raving Loony Coalition|
|June 2008||49||14.63%||3rd||3||Liberal Democrat-Labour Coalition|
|November 2008||77||18.55%||3rd||2||Conservative Minority|
|May 2009||51||12.88%||4th||3||No Government|
|November 2009||72||15.75%||3rd||1||Liberal Democrat-Conservative-Centre Coalition|
|May 2010||56||12.07%||3rd||2||Conservative-Libertarian-UKIP Coalition|
|October 2010||99||27.60%||2nd||7||Conservative-Libertarian Coalition|
|April 2011||316||28.10%||1st||No Change||Labour-Liberal Democrat-Centre-UKIP Coalition|
|October 2011||108||22.59%||1st||1||Labour-Liberal Democrat Coalition|
|March 2012||180||25.21%||1st||1||Conservative-UKIP-Faland Coalition|
|September 2012||146||23.43%||1st||1||Labour-Socialist-Addzter Coalition|
|April 2013||131||21.55%||1st||3||Conservative-UKIP-Libertarian Coalition|
|September 2013||82||17.56%||1st||3||Conservative-Liberal-UKIP Coalition|
|March 2014||172||22.34%||1st||4||Labour-Socialist-Green Coalition|
|September 2014||109||17.44%||2nd||4||Green-Labour-Liberal Coalition|
|May 2015||101||27.60%||1st||6||Labour-Liberal Coalition
|October 2015||64||26.78%||1st||1||Labour-Liberal Coalition|
|April 2016||44||23.78%||2nd||2||Conservative-Liberal-National Liberal Coalition|
|November 2016||48||32.00%||1st||5||Labour-Socialist Coalition|
|June 2017||63||30.43%||1st||No change||?|
Leaders are responsible for the overall running of the party, to oversee and approve legislation, to negotiate coalitions, to set whips and to serve as Chair when the Chair is absent.
There have been 16 Labour Leaders to date with MC being the first one and Saracen's Fez being the current one.
Labour Leaders who also served as Prime Minister at some point during their tenure are marked with an asterisk.
|Leader||Took office||Left office|
|xx_ambellina_xx||May 2005||January 2006|
|Roger Kirk||January 2006||January 2007|
|Randdom*||January 2007||June 2008|
|Jangrafess||June 2008||August 2008|
|Nightowl||August 2008||November 2008|
|Metrobeans||November 2008||October 2009|
|Cardozo||October 2009||February 2011|
|ByronicHero*||February 2011||May 2011|
|DayneD89*||May 2011||February 2012|
|Mechie*||February 2012||August 2013|
|Saoirse:3*||August 2013||April 2014|
|That Bearded Man*||April 2014||September 2014|
|RayApparently*||September 2014||November 2015|
|Saracen's Fez*||November 2015||May 2016|
|Quamquam123||May 2016||June 2016|
|RayApparently*||June 2016||July 2017|
|Saracen's Fez*||July 2017||July 2018|
Deputy Leaders are responsible for supporting the Leader in the exercise of their powers and duties and to serve as Leader when the Leader is absent.
There have been 21 Labour Deputy Leaders to date with BananaManUK being the first one and aidenj being the current one.
Deputy Leaders who also served as Leader at some point are marked with an asterisk.
|Deputy Leader||Took office||Left office|
|BananaManUK||June 2005||January 2006|
|martynwilliams||January 2006||January 2007|
|Nightowl*||January 2007||February 2007|
|brimstone||February 2007||January 2008|
|Jangrafess*||January 2008||April 2008|
|Nightowl*||April 2008||August 2008|
|sohanshah||August 2008||November 2009|
|Adorno||December 2009||December 2010|
|Thunder and Jazz||December 2010||June 2011|
|sandys1000||June 2011||April 2012|
|TopHat||April 2012||July 2013|
|RoryS||July 2013||February 2014|
|That Bearded Man*||February 2014||April 2014|
|RayApparently*||April 2014||September 2014|
|The Legal Eagle||October 2014||July 2015|
|junaidk7||July 2015||December 2015|
|United1892||December 2015||April 2016|
|SakuraCayla||April 2016||June 2016|
|Obiejess||June 2016||November 2017|
|aidenj||December 2017||June 2018|
Chairs are responsible for sending party updates, acting as returning officer in internal elections, making important announcements and ensuring that Labour members obey the Party Constitution.
In July 2013, the position of Chair was introduced.
There have been 11 Labour Chairs to date with StatusRed being the first one and Viljo being the current one.
Chairs who also served as Leader at some point are marked with an asterisk.
|Chair||Took office||Left office|
|StatusRed||July 2013||April 2014|
|Mechie*||April 2014||September 2014|
|Saracen's Fez*||October 2014||November 2015|
|Saoirse:3*||December 2015||January 2016|
|cranbrook_aspie||January 2016||May 2016|
|DanE1998||May 2016||September 2016|
|Quamquam123*||September 2016||March 2017|
|Saracen's Fez*||March 2017||July 2017|
|TheDefiniteArticle||July 2017||October 2017|
|Obiejess||October 2017||February 2018|
|Dafios9128||February 2018||June 2018|
Chief Whips are responsible for reminding MPs to vote, informing them of whips and ensuring they comply with whips.
Following the passing of a party amendment in May 2016, the role of Chief Whip was separated from the role of Chair.
There have been 5 Labour Chief Whips to date with RayApparently being the first one and aidenj being the current one.
Chief Whips who also served as Leader at some point are marked with an asterisk.
|Chief Whip||Took office||Left office|
|RayApparently*||May 2016||June 2016|
|EricAteYou||June 2016||September 2016|
|TheDefiniteArticle||September 2016||February 2016|
|Obiejess||February 2016||November 2017|
|aph||June 2018||July 2018|
Reserve Deputy Leader
The position of Reserve Deputy Leader was created in June 2012 but abolished in July 2013 following the creation of the Chair position. RoryS was the only Reserve Deputy Leader. This position is currently not being used.
|Reserve Deputy Leader||Took office||Left office|
|RoryS||June 2012||July 2013|